Your level of alcohol dependence and the solution you seek, between reducing th amount you consume (moderation) and quitting completely (abstinence), will determine the method of treatment you will be given.
There is a limited counselling session termed brief intervention, which could be given to you if you have previously injured yourself due to alcohol or are concerned about your drinking habit.
Lasting about five to tem minutes, a brief intervention covers-up dangers related to your pattern of drinking, guide about decreasing the quantity you consume, alcohol support networks ready for you, and any type of sentimental problems around your drinking habit.
In order to keep track of the glasses you drink weekly, having a "drinking diary" could be very helpful. You can also shift from alcoholic drinks to soft drinks when you are with pals as hints related to social drinking.
You feel your health will greatly improve if you stop taking alcohol. But it will be more feasible to reduce the volume of alcohol you drink or to start with that method before giving it up completely.
If you have tried moderation in the past and failed, you will be advised to go for abstinence
To assess how well you're doing and to provide extra treatment and advice where necessary, when you decide to go with moderation, you'll be requested to also attend counselling sessions.
In order to assess the condition of your liver, constant blood tests may be carried out
You should go for medical counselling on how to cope with the withdrawal syndrome, if you have developed alcohol dependence.
In order to abstain completely, some addicts may be offered some drugs. In addition, you might opt to visit self-help groups, get prolonged counselling or experience a talking therapy like Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
Your extent of alcohol addiction will specify the means and the venue detoxification can be tried. Withdrawal symptoms are seldom severe where the dependence is low and thus the detoxification can be done at home with no need for medication.
Home detoxification may also be enough for you if you have a high alcohol consumption level that is above 20 units per day, but only with drugs that can reduce the withdrawal symptoms. Chlordiazepoxide is a sedative typically used for this reason.
The reasons for going into a hospital or a clinic will be to acquire specialist treatment because the type of withdrawal symptoms you have will be severe. This happens since the withdrawal side effects will also be intense and are more probable to need professional care.
For the first 48 hours your removal symptoms will be more impacting. The withdrawal symptoms gradually begin to improve when your body adjusts itself to the absence of alcohol. From your last glass it lasts from three to about seven days.
You'll have trouble sleeping. You may have trouble falling asleep or you may keep waking up during the night. Your sleep patterns should be back to norma in a period of a month.
Drinking a huge volume of fluids (three litres within 24 hours) during the detoxification period is compulsory. If you don't want to have more complications with sleeping and possible nervousness issues, stay away from taking big quantities of caffeinated drinks like tea and coffee. You will find various choices available in the form of water, squash or fruit juices, which would be better.
Always look forward to having your meals regularly despite not being hungry. Your appetite will also return to normal gradually.
If you are on withdrawal symptom drugs, do not drive or handle heavy machines. It is quite possible for the medication to make you feel drowsy. Stick to the instructions on your prescription drugs.
The stress underwent during detoxification could be huge. Try reading, going for walks or listening to music to help cope with the stress. Get further information about stress control.
In case you are detoxing in your residence, you will routinely see a nurse or another healthcare specialist. This meeting could take place at a specialist NHS service, your GP practice or at home. Additionally, you will be offered the appropriate contact information for other guidance services should you need further assistance.
When trying to get over alcohol dependency, detoxification is a vital first stage. On it's own, however, detox isn't enough to guarantee recovery. You will need more treatment and assistance to support you in the long period.
For the treatment of the abuse of alcohol, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has named some drugs.
A more elaborate explanation about these drugs is given below.
People that have become sober will not fall back to alcohol thanks to Acamprosate, the commercial name of Campral. It is usually combined with counselling in order to reduce cravings for alcohol.
The volume of the chemical called gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) in the brain is influenced by this drug. The urge to drink is believed to have something to do with the presence of GABA.
If you have been prescribed acamprosate you will notice that the course will start immediately as you begin withdrawing from alcohol and can last over a period of six months.
If you've previously relapsed or if there is reason to believe you may relapse while trying to abstain, a doctor may prescribe Disulfiram which is usually available under the brand name Antabuse. Disulfiram will function by deterring you from consuming alcohol, and it will cause unpleasant reactions when you have alcohol.
Because any other source of alcohol will cause unfavourable reactions during this period, you have to avoid them as you avoid alcoholic drinks.
Furthermore, you should attempt preventing elements that smells alcoholic fumes like paint thinners and solvents.
You will carry on passing through uncomfortable responses in case you get in contact with alcohol for a week later you stop taking disulfiram, so it is essential to keep your abstinence over this period.
You should be meeting with your medical experts once in two weeks for the first two months and once every month for the next four months when you are under disulfiram.
Naltrexone is generally used to prevent a relapse or limit the quantity of alcohol that is being consumed.
Naltrexone stops you from feeling the effects of the alcohol by blocking the opioid receptors in the brain. It is frequently used mixed with other medication or counselling.
Morphine and codeine are prevented from releasing their effects if naltrexone is being used.
Seek medical attention in case you start feeling ill when taking naltrexone and stop taking the medication.
A treatment of naltrexone may last up to six months, even though it can occasionally be extended.
Complete medical examination, including blood tests would be conducted on you before any of these drugs is prescribed for you.
To guard against a relapse, and lower the person's alcohol intake, Nalmefene (brand name Selincro) could be used.
It can work by blocking the opioid receptors within the brain which can reduce the cravings for alcohol.
Nalmefene must only be taken if you are receiving support for the help you need to reduce the alcohol intake and to continue the treatment.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and similar self help groups have been of tremendous help to those suffering dependence on alcohol.
One of the major conviction behind AA is that alcoholic dependence is a durable, growing disease and complete abstinence is the singular resolution.
The treatment program sponsored by AA depends on a 12-step program made to assist you overcome your alcohol addiction.
Part of these are recognising that you have no control over booze and your life has fallen apart, acknowledging that you've done bad and whenever possible, make it up to the people you've hurt.
Study the Alcoholics Anonymous and alcohol support's 12 steps.
Twelve-step facilitation therapy is designed around the AA's programme. Instead of being in a group, you go through the steps on a face to face scheme with an expert.
If you are not comfortable sharing your problems in a group, then you may cherish this method more.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy where alcohol dependence is treated with a problem solving approach.
You will learn how to stay away from particular prompts and deal successfully with those that are inevitable thanks to your CBT therapist.
The entire family and relatives, not just the addict would be affected by the addiction ailment.
Support can also be obtained by family members if required. Living with an individual who is misusing alcohol can be stressful and therefore, receiving the support that is required can help efficiently.
Family members and friends of people with alcohol dependence problems can get help from a number of organizations that provide specialist services for people in their situation.
In case your goal is to moderate your drinking, you might be requested to maintain a "drinking diary".
This will give you a proper estimate about how much you are drinking along with the information on the situations in which you are indulging in the habit of drinking and the method about how you can start to cut down.