What Is Drug Addiction?
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
There is, but it is a long journey. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
Rehabilitation from drug use should result in the patient:
- Stop taking drugs
- remain drug-free
- Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Principles Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- The most frequently used forms of treatment are counselling and other behavioural therapies.
- When medications are administered in conjunction with behavioural therapies, they form a valuable part of the treatment.
- A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
- Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
- detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
- Behavioural advising
- Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Preventing A Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
- Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
- Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
- motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
- Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Coping With Joining The Community
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.