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Indicators

Symptoms And Signs Of Dependency

A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.

Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:

  • Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
  • The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
  • Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
  • Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
  • Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
  • Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
  • Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.

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Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.