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Medication For Addiction Treatment

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification

At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This is known as the detoxification time. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.


There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. Symptoms include:

  • Anxiety
  • Gloominess
  • Sickness
  • Seizures
  • Muscle pain
  • Sweating

Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
  • One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
  • The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
  • Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
  • Antidepressants
  • With no drugs, an addict can't develop natural quantities of joy- generating chemicals in their brain.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

Speak with someone that can give you assistance in case you are suffering from an addiction.


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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • Sickness and migraine are cause by Naltrexone.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
  • Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
  • Methadone doesn't cause intoxication but it binds onto the same brain receptors as opiates and prevents further use of drugs to get the high feeling.
  • This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
  • Find out more information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone but has a less potential to cause addiction and isn't regulated as much.
  • For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
  • Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.

Medical Detox And Rehabilitation

A few people detox all alone. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. A doctor may avoid any problems.

Inpatient rehabs include Detox, most often. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.

Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.